Lets start by doing a little quiz. Who doesn’t like quizzes?
You have a $1000 windfall do you:
1) Go out an buy a big screen TV
2) Dump that into your ING account (Open an ING account, link at left)
3) Buy some more shares in your index fund
4) Buy some penny stocks
5) Convert it all to $1s and make it “rain” at the club
Ok so that quiz was easy. But really what are the differences here?
You are a CONSUMER you exchange your money for something with no lasting value or greatly depreciating value
We are all consumers. We must buy products and services just to get by. However, consuming destroys our wealth. When we buy a product or service, we shift a bit of our wealth into the pocket of the seller by handing him more dollars than he spent on the product or service he hands over to us. The difference in dollars is the seller’s profit. In exchange, we end up with a product or service worth less than what we just paid the seller for it. Worse, its value falls rather quickly – even down to zero if we consume the product or service in full.
Profit is not a bad thing. Sellers deserve a profit for providing value to consumers. A bad thing is consumers consuming excessively. Too many Americans today give too many dollars – even dollars borrowed from banks – over to sellers in exchange for products and services of little lasting value. Across billions of transactions each year, sellers collect mounting slices of our wealth. Consumers, in turn, collect mounting piles of worthless objects and wistful memories.
You are a SAVER when you do not trade your money for goods or services
Many of us are savers. We save money when we keep a little – or a lot – of our cash income in our bank accounts by taking control of our exchanges with sellers. Just because sellers offer us cool, fun, or interesting things doesn’t mean we must possess or experience these things to live a fulfilling life. How many times have you rushed out to see the latest Hollywood movie only to leave the theater thinking, “Well, that was a waste of time and money”? Yet, the time is lost forever and your money is in the pocket of the ticket seller.
Time and money are essential ingredients to building wealth. While many Americans seek to “get rich quick” with “no money down,” financial freedom begins with our own cash savings and a large dose of patience. Compounding interest, dividends, earnings, and gains from wise investments will, over time, offer us a greater chance at financial freedom than years of playing the lottery ever will.
You are an INVESTOR when you choose to exchange your savings for an asset you know will appreciate or is with more than its face value
Some of us are investors. We invest when we exchange our savings for assets worth significantly more than the price we pay for them. Why would someone want to exchange his valuable assets for our smaller cash savings? Time and money. The assets may be valuable because, over time, they are expected to put significant cash flows – dividends, interest payments, royalties, net rental fees, etc. – into the pockets of their owner. However, the owner may not want to wait for time to pass before he can pocket the cash flows himself. Instead, he prefers to pocket our smaller cash savings right now.
Think of it as paying $10 for a $20 bill. No doubt the $20 bill is worth $20, but the seller’s price is only $10. We pay the seller’s $10 asking price and instantly own an asset worth $20. Such an exchange is how we wisely invest our savings in assets like stocks, royalty trusts, small businesses, and rental properties. If we repeat these exchanges over and over again, we become wealthy. This is how the world’s wealthiest investor, Warren Buffett, invests his billions. How does he find such great deals? Speculators hand them to him.
You are a SPECULATOR when you choose to exchange your savings for an asset that you have not fully reasoned its worth
Many of us are speculators. We speculate when we willingly exchange our cash savings for assets the worth of which we do not know. Speculators do not take the time to study an asset and determine its worth. Instead, they just pay the seller’s price and hope that the price will be higher later. Some speculators speculate and make millions. Many, however, lose their shirts by hoping that luck – the gambler’s unreliable friend – will save them from total loss.
Ironically, speculators make America a great place to invest. The speculator soon forgets the valuable assets he owns when he jealously watches an asset he does not own increase dramatically in price. To quickly raise the cash he needs to buy the increasingly expensive asset he covets, the speculator willingly sells his valuable assets at discounted prices. Always on the lookout for a bargain, the investor stands ready to scoop up the speculator’s valuable assets at prices well below their worth. This is how speculators transfer their wealth to investors like Warren Buffett, who patiently grows wealthier every year.
You are a LOSER if you exchange your savings for absolutely nothing worthwhile in return
You might be a loser if…
…you waste your savings on things that you do not remember
…you send $1000 to Africa because you won a lottery but they ‘need $1000 to release it’
…you invest in diamonds
…you engage in MLM
..insert yours here
If you consume in moderation, you create cash savings, which you can invest in assets sold to you at bargain prices by those who speculate, just don’t be a loser…